Camera Lens Guide: Types of Cameras Lenses You Want To Know.
There are so many different types of cameras lenses and each of them is made for a specific purpose. Whether you are a professional photographer or just talented and love photography you need to know the types of cameras lenses and consider so many factors before digging to purchase a new lens.
Now, we will give you a brief of the types of cameras lenses you need to read before purchasing your new lens.
1- The Prime Lens
Prime lenses are lenses that have a single focal length rather than multiple as found in zoom lenses such as 35mm or 50mm. Prime lenses are a great place for any budding photographer to begin experimenting with new lenses because they force you into a new and unfamiliar place. Suddenly, instead of simply zooming, you need to get more creative and walk up to your subject to frame it correctly.
2- The Zoom Lens
A zoom lens offers a range of focal lengths between (and including) the two in its specific title. A 24-70mm lens, for example, can be set to 24mm, 70mm and all focal lengths in between, such as 35mm and 50mm. This allows you to quickly and easily vary your composition without needing to reposition yourself.
Zoom lenses whose names only refer to one aperture – such as 24-70mm f/2.8 – have this maximum aperture throughout the entire focal range.
3- The Standard Lens
A standard lens, also known as a “normal lens”, is one which produces an image that roughly matches what the human eye sees, and which looks natural to the viewer. Standard lenses have an angle of view of around 50 to 55 degrees diagonally. This is roughly the same as the angle that the human eye can comfortably view, which is why it gives a natural-looking perspective.
4- The Wide-angle Lens
A wide-angle lens refers to a lens whose focal length is substantially smaller than the focal length of a normal lens. Any lens with a focal length of less than 35mm is considered to be a wide-angle lens. The lower the focal length, the wider the field of view and thus, the wider the lens.
5- The Macro Lens
A macro lens is one which allows you to take sharp, detailed, close-up photos of small subject such as flowers, plants, insects, and products. Macro lenses offer a reproduction ratio of 1:1, meaning that the subject can be imaged at its actual size on the camera’s film or sensor. A reproduction ratio of 1:2 means that the subject can be imaged at half its true size, and 1:4 a quarter.
6- The Manual Lens
A manual lens is the lens that is made to be used manually. This is usually performed by turning a ring around the outside of the lens barrel, which shifts elements inside the lens to focus at different distances.
7- The Pancake Lens
It’s not really pancake! The pancake lens got it’s name from it’s shape. It’s a small camera lens that’s so perfect for travel. Pancake lenses are PRIME lenses. They don’t zoom. That “forces” you to move around, forward and backwards to experiment with different compositions and perspectives.
8- The Tilt-Shift Lens
A tilt-shift lens is a lens in which the optics can be tilted and/or shifted in relation to the image sensor. Tilt-shift lenses also rotate to allow the lens to tilt and/or shift in a wide range of directions. These movements allow architectural photographers to correct an effect known as keystoning, where buildings appear to be toppling over, and it also allows depth of field to be adjusted independently of aperture, which is useful in landscape and product photography.
9- The Mirror Lens
A mirror lens is incredibly compact and lightweight. Using an advanced reflex design, this is a mirror lens that is ideally suited for wildlife and sports photography. It has a fixed aperture of f8. It comes complete with a soft pouch and three (3) rear mounted, 30.5mm filters, (ND-2X, ND-4X & Skylight).
10- The Fisheye Lens
A fisheye lens is an ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image. It’s designed for shooting very wide angles, usually 180 degrees. They are popular in landscape, extreme sport, and artistic photography.